Correspondence Theory of Semantic Information

11/07/2019, 16:30, Faculty of Psychology, University of Warsaw, room 74

Speaker: prof. Marcin MiƂkowski


A novel account of semantic information is proposed. The gist of the proposal is that structural correspondence, analyzed in terms of similarity, underlies an important kind of semantic information. In contrast to extant accounts of semantic information, the present account does not rely on correlation, causation, natural laws or logical inference. Instead, it relies on structural similarity defined in terms of correspondence between classifications of tokens into types. It is argued that this account elucidates many uses of the notion of information, for example in the context of scientific models and structural representations in cognitive science. The correspondence theory of semantic information is poised to open a new research program concerned with various kinds of semantic information, their functions, and measurement.